Treatment of coccidiosis is a difficult task for poultry. Because of coccidiosis, a is life term disease of poultry due to poultry is a normal inhabitant in the intestine of poultry. Coccidiosis treatment is a similar event to continue long term up to marketing age. people search for coccidiosis in alternative names are blood stool, bloody poop in poultry. therefore, we discussed the drugs for bloody poo or stools in poultry or chicken.
Coccidiosis treatment depends on the types of causal agents. basically there are seven species of Emeria spp causing disease in the poultry. every Emeria spp affects different sites of the intestine of the poultry.
Types of coccidiosis treatment
Coccidiosis treatment is given by the two way in the field. Drugs provide by the feed and the second option is water. Today we discuss the top 3 anticoccidial drugs which provide by the water.
Diclazuril is an antiprotozoal drug and it is a member of triazine cut, s which is chemically similar to ponazuril. Despite acts on all Emeria species, it is also active in the Isospora app, Toxoplasma Gondi.
Mode of Action
The exact mode of action is still unknown. But, diclazuril exerts his antics neuronal effect by inhibiting merozoite production. It mainly functions on the sexual life cycle of the Emeria app and breaks its life and stops the proliferation of the Emeria app.
Dosage And Administration
Dosage of diclazuril vary age to age and it’s dosage range 1-50 mg/ kg body weight. Diclazuril found as an oral solution that contains diclazuril 10% and available for oral medication.
Diclazuril is the safest anticoccidial drugs die to it can use all age in poultry. It can give day 01- up to market age. There is no complication or contradiction with other drugs. There is a record of weight loss and other adverse effects of diclazuril in the field study.
2. Suphaclozine Sodium
Suphaclozine sodium is white, crystalline, free-flowing water-soluble powder. It is active against all types of protozoan species especially the Emeria app and certain types of bacteria.
Sometimes these types of feces confusing with indigestion but, overall causal agents associates with coccidial spp.
Mode of Action
It is an antibiotic belong to a group of sulphonamide. Like another sulphonamide, it is an antagonist of para-aminobenzoic acid, a precursor of folic acid in protozoa and bacteria. Folic acid is a coenzyme necessary for the synthesis of nucleic acid. By which, protozoa and bacteria don’t multiply in the presence of suphaclozine sodium.
Dose and Administration
The dose of suphaclozine sodium varies to which types of coccidia infect and causing coccidiosis in poultry. In the case of, Emeria tenella and Emeria nicartrix dosage start from 75-100 mg/ day and corresponding to 140-190 mg/ kg/day Except both this species, Dosing start from 50 mg/ kg/ day corresponding to 90 mg/kg / day.
Totrazuril is anticoccidial, coccidiostat drugs derived from triazinetrione derivatives and a potent drug for treating coccidiosis in poultry.
Mode of action
Totrazuril is active against all intracellular development stages including schizonts, micro, and macrogamonts. It inhibits the division of the protozoal nucleus, the activity of the mitochondria and damages the wall forming bodies in the microgametes. of Eimeria spp.That’s why Toltrazuril shows coccidial rather than coccidiostats action.
Dosage and administrator
For the treatment of coccidiosis, Totrazuril gives at 7 mg/kg body weight or 1ml/liter of drinking water or 28 ml/100 kg flocks for 2 consecutive days; 24 hours continuously or 8 hours each day in drinking water. In severe infections, the treatment may be repeated 5 days later.
Prevention of coccidiosis- 7 mg/kg body weight for 2 consecutive days within 10-18 days per month up to 4 months of age as a strategic administration program. Or as directed by the registered Veterinarian.
It is compatible with other poultry feed additives & no hazardous reactions were reported.